POPULATION 145 million
CAPITAL Moscow
LANGUAGE Russian
CURRENCY Ruble
TIME DIFFERENCE GMT +3

In lieu of the invasion by the Muslims of Persia, Islam penetrated into the Caucasus district in the mid-7th century, thereafter unified by Russia. Post incorporation, the first people to have converted to Islam within the current Russian federation were the Dagestanis from the Arab conquest in the 8th century. The earliest Muslim state in Russia was Volga Bulgaria. The Tatars in Kazan inherited the religion of the believers of Islam. Consequently, many European and Caucasian Turkic embraced the religion. The end of the Soviet era in 1991 saw the end of the impediment and the resolution toward Islam in Russia that witnessed a rapid increase of Muslims permitted on pilgrimages to Mecca. Islam is the second most widely followed faith in Russia.

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